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Administrative Theory


  1.  Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration; 
  2. Wilson's vision of Public Administration; 
  3. Evolution of the discipline and its present status; 
  4. New Public Administration; 
  5. Public Choice approach; 
  6. Challenges of liberalization, Privatization, Globalization; 
  7. Good Governance: concept and application; 
  8. New Public Management.

Administrative Thought:

  1.  Scientific Management and Scientific Management movement; 
  2. Classical Theory; 
  3. Weber's bureaucratic model - its critique and post-Weberian Developments; 
  4. Dynamic Administration (Mary Parker Follett); 
  5. Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others); 
  6. Functions of the Executive (C.I. Barnard); 
  7. Simon's decision-making theory; 
  8. Participative Management (R. Likert, C. Argyris, D. McGregor).

Administrative Behavior: 

  1. Process and techniques of decision-making; 
  2. Communication; 
  3. Morale; 
  4. Motivation Theories - content, process and contemporary; 
  5. Theories of Leadership: Traditional and Modern.


  1. Theories - systems, contingency; 
  2. Structure and forms: Ministries and Departments, Corporations, Companies, Boards and Commissions; 
  3. Ad hoc and advisory bodies; 
  4. Headquarters and Field relationships; 
  5. Regulatory Authorities; 
  6. Public - Private Partnerships.

Accountability and control: 

  1. Concepts of accountability and control; 
  2. Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration; 
  3. Citizen and Administration; 
  4. Role of media, interest groups, voluntary organizations; 
  5. Civil society; 
  6. Citizen's Charters; 
  7. Right to Information; 
  8. Social audit.

Administrative Law: 

  1. Meaning, scope and significance; 
  2. Dicey on Administrative law; 
  3. Delegated legislation; 
  4. Administrative Tribunals.

Comparative Public Administration: 

  1. Historical and sociological factors affecting administrative systems; 
  2. Administration and politics in different countries; 
  3. status of Comparative Public Administration; 
  4. Ecology and administration; 
  5. Riggsian models and their critique.

Development Dynamics: 

  1. Concept of development; 
  2. Changing profile of development administration; '
  3. Antidevelopment thesis'; 
  4. Bureaucracy and development; 
  5. Strong state versus the market debate; 
  6. Impact of liberalization on administration in developing countries; 
  7. Women and development - the self-help group movement.

Personnel Administration: 

  1. Importance of human resource development; 
  2. Recruitment, training, career advancement, position classification, discipline, performance appraisal, promotion, pay and service conditions; 
  3. employer- employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism; 
  4. Code of conduct; 
  5. Administrative ethics.

Public Policy: 

  1. Models of policy-making and their critique; 
  2. Processes of conceptualization, planning, implementation, monitoring, evaluation and review and their limitations; 
  3. State theories and public policy formulation.

Techniques of Administrative Improvement: 

  1. Organization and methods, 
  2. Work study and work management; 
  3. e-governance and information technology; 
  4. Management aid tools like network analysis, 
  5. MIS, PERT, CPM.

Financial Administration: 

  1. Monetary and fiscal policies; 
  2. Public borrowings and public debt Budgets - types and forms; 
  3. Budgetary process; 
  4. Financial accountability; 
  5. Accounts and audit.


Indian Administration

Evolution of Indian Administration: 

  1. Kautilya's Arthashastra; 
  2. Mughal administration; 
  3. Legacy of British rule in politics and administration - Indianization of public services, revenue administration, district administration, local self-government.

Philosophical and Constitutional framework of government: 

  1. Salient features and value premises; 
  2. Constitutionalism; 
  3. Political culture; 
  4. Bureaucracy and democracy; 
  5. Bureaucracy and development.

Public Sector Undertakings: 

  1. Public sector in modern India; 
  2. Forms of Public Sector Undertakings; 
  3. Problems of autonomy, accountability, and control;
  4.  Impact of liberalization and privatization.

Union Government and Administration: 

  1. Executive, Parliament, Judiciary - structure, functions, work processes; Recent trends; 
  2. Intragovernmental relations; 
  3. Cabinet Secretariat; 
  4. Prime Minister's Office; 
  5. Central Secretariat; 
  6. Ministries and Departments; 
  7. Boards; Commissions; 
  8. Attached offices; 
  9. Field organizations.

Plans and Priorities: 

  1. Machinery of planning;
  2. Role, composition and functions of the Planning Commission and the National Development Council; 
  3. 'Indicative' planning; 
  4. Process of plan formulation at Union and State levels; 
  5. Constitutional Amendments (1992) and decentralized planning for economic development and social justice.

State Government and Administration: 

  1. Union-State administrative, legislative and financial relations; 
  2. Role of the Finance Commission; 
  3. Governor; 
  4. Chief Minister; 
  5. Council of Ministers; 
  6. Chief Secretary; 
  7. State Secretariat; 
  8. Directorates.

District Administration since Independence: 

  1. Changing role of the Collector; 
  2. Union state- local relations; 
  3. Imperatives of development management and law and order administration; 
  4. District administration and democratic decentralization.

Civil Services: 

  1. Constitutional position; 
  2. Structure, 
  3. recruitment, 
  4. training and capacity-building; 
  5. Good governance initiatives; 
  6. Code of conduct and discipline; 
  7. Staff associations; 
  8. Political rights; 
  9. Grievance redressal mechanism; 
  10. Civil service neutrality; 
  11. Civil service activism.

Financial Management: 

  1. Budget as a political instrument; 
  2. Parliamentary control of public expenditure; 
  3. Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area; 
  4. Accounting techniques; 
  5. Audit; 
  6. Role of Controller General of Accounts and Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Administrative Reforms since Independence: 

  1. Major concerns; 
  2. Important Committees and Commissions; 
  3. Reforms in financial management and human resource development; 
  4. Problems of implementation.

Rural Development: 

  1. Institutions and agencies since independence; 
  2. Rural development programmes: 
  3. foci and strategies; 
  4. Decentralization and Panchayati Raj; 
  5. 73rd Constitutional amendment.

Urban Local Government: 

  1. Municipal governance: main features, structures, finance and problem areas; 
  2. 74th Constitutional Amendment; 
  3. Global local debate; 
  4. New localism; 
  5. Development dynamics, politics and administration with special reference to city management.

Law and Order Administration: 

  1. British legacy; 
  2. National Police Commission; 
  3. Investigative agencies; 
  4. Role of central and state agencies including paramilitary forces in maintenance of law and order and countering insurgency and terrorism; 
  5. Criminalization of politics and administration; 
  6. Police-public relations; 
  7. Reforms in Police.

Significant issues in Indian Administration: 

  1. Values in public service; 
  2. Regulatory Commissions; 
  3. National Human Rights Commission; 
  4. Problems of administration in coalition regimes; 
  5. Citizen-administration interface; 
  6. Corruption and administration; 
  7. Disaster management. 
asked in UPSC 7.6k points 8 30 58
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