16. DEFENCE STUDIES: PAPER-I: (Evolution of Strategic Thought) SECTION-A 1. Concept and Theories: (a) Concepts and compoments of Strategic Thought. (b) Societal relations and its relevance for conflict at Inter-State level. ( c) War-Principles and Causes: Psychological Dimensions; Conventional Warfare in the NuclearAge; Limited War: NBC Warfare and Low Intensity Conflict (L.I.C.) 2. Strategic Thinkers: (A) Upto 19 CenturyA.D. th (a) Manu and Kautiylya Philosophy of war. (b) Machiavelli The Renaissance ofArt of War. (c) Jomini Concept of MassArmy, Strategy, Tactics and Logistics (d) Clausewitz On war and its relationship with politics, strategy and Tactics (B) 19 Century to World War – II th (e) Engles & Marx Military concept of Social Revolutions (f) Ludendroff German Concept of Total War (g) Lenin, Trotsky & Stalin Soviet Concept of War (h) Liddel Hart The Doctrine of Limited Liability and Mobile Defence. ( I )J.F.C. Fuller Concept of Mobile Warfare,Advent of Tanks and decline of Trench Warfare. 3. Theories of Sea, Land,Air and Revolutionary Warfare: (j)A.T. Mahan – Theory of Sea Power, Continental Doctrine and Naval Strategy (k) Halford Mackinder – Heart Land Theory (l) Douhet, Mitchell and Servesky – Theories ofAir Warfare (m) Mao-Tse-Tung & Che Guevara – Concept of Revolution and Strategy and Tactics of Guearilla Warfare. 4. Economic aspects of Military Power: (a) Economic theories of defence. (b) War potential of nation – states and techniques of resource mobilization in times of war. (c) Post-war Economy and Re-construction. (d)ArmsAid,Arms Trade and Donor – Recipient behavior. 5. World Wars: (a) Weapons, Doctrines and Tactics. (b) Causes of World War-I (c) Revolution inArms and technical advances in Land, Sea andAir Warfare. (d) Technological developments during the Inter-war period (1918-1939) (e)Allied Strategy during World War-II (f) Introduction of Hi-tech Weapons and Revolution in Delivery Systems during First & Second World Wars.
SECTION-B 6. Past World War-II, Conventional, Nuclear Weapons and Doctrines: (a) Introduction of Weapons of Mass Destruction - Conventional, Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (b) Theories of Nuclear Warfare – Preventive War, Pre – emptive attack, Massive Retaliation, Counter force, Flexible Respond, MAD and MAS. (c) Concept and theory of Conventional Deterrence. (d) Concept and Theories of Nuclear deterrence with reference to the views of Liddel Hart, Andre Beaufre, Y. Harkabi, Henary Kissinger and K.Subrahmanyam. 7.Arms Control and Disarmament: (a) Concepts, Objectives, Conditions and Elements. (b)Approaches. (c) Effects on economic development 8. Revolution in MilitaryAffairs: (a) Emergence of New Technologies. (b) Revolution in SmallArms and Low Intensity Conflicts. (c) Emergence of new tactics and use of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) and its impact. 9. Conflict Resolution: (a) Conflict: Origin, Type and Structure. (b) Theories and methods of Conflict Resolution. (c) Techniques of Confidence Building Measures. (d) Instruments of International Peace: Peace Making, Peace Keeping and Peace Building. 10. Peace Thinkers: (a) Mahatma Gandhi – on Conflict Resolution, War and International Security. (b) Jawaharlal Nehru – on National Security, Development and Non – alignment.
DEFENCE STUDIES: PAPER-II National Security SECTION-A 1. Introduction: a. Key Concepts of Nation, State and Nation State b. Theories of Origin of State c. Origin, Concept, objectives and approaches of National Security. 2. Security Dimentions: Internal Security, External Security, Human Security, Comprehensive Security, Common Security, Equal Security and Cyber Security 3. Security Level: Individual, Sub-national, National, Regional and International. 4. National Power: a. Conceptual framework of National Power b. The imprecision of Power as a concept c. Power profile of Nation – States d. Tangible and Intangible Elements of National Power e. Foundations and Limitations of National Power 5. Threat Spectrum: a. Concept of Threats and Challenges. b. National Security Paradigm. c. Threat Perception (Internal and External) d. ThreatAssessment and ThreatAnalyses 6.Alternate Models of Security: a. Balance of Power b. Balance of Terror c. Collective Defence d. Collective Security e. Non-alignment 7. Security Management: a. Concept, Components and Formulation of Security and Defence Polices and Doctrines and their Linkages. b. National Values, National Interest and Strategic Culture. c. Crisis / Emergency Management of critical infrastructure, vulnerability analyses and protection. d. Disaster Management – Concept & Significance, Natural and Man- made disasters and National Disaster Management Policy. 8. Security Concerns: a. Traditional: Territorial Integrity and Disputes b. Non-traditional: (i) Governance (ii) Insurgency (iii) Terrorism. c. Sources of Social Instability: (i) Economic Vulnerality (ii) Religious Fundamentalism (iii) Sectarian Fanaticism (iv) Ethnic and Linguistic Parochialism (v) Denial of Human Rights (vi) Oppression of Minorities. 9.Arms Proliferation: a.Arms Proliferation as a constraint to National, Regional and International Security b. Proliferation of SmallArms and Light Weapons in SouthernAsia c. Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
SECTION-B 10. India's Quest for Security: a. Historical Legacy, Geo-political and Geo-strategical considerations b. Contours of India's Defence Policy – (i) Between 1858-1947 (ii) 1947-1962 (iii) 1962 – 1971 (iv) 1971 – till date c. India's Security Concerns vis-a-vis Pakistan and China (till date) 11. India's National Security Problematics: (a) India in the world strategic arena – contemporary trends; Challenges to India's Security in extended neighbourhood. (b) Pakistan's conventional, nuclear and missile programmes and their impact on India's security. (c) India- China boundary dispute: positions and polemics, efforts for the settlement of the boundary dispute, frame work of Co-operative Security between India and China. (d) India's mutuality of strategic and other interests with Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Sri-Lanka, Maldives andAfghanistan. (e) Role of extra- regional powers in the post – cold war South Asian and Asia–Pacific Strategic Milieu and India's considerations (f) Need for confidence and security building measures for India and its South Asian neighbors (g) SouthAsianAssociation for Regional Cooperation as a model of Regional Security 12. Science, Technology and India's Security: (a) India's Scientific and Technological base for National Defence. (b) Need for India's Integrated Science Policy ( c ) India's defence Industrialization and achievements. (d) Progress on India's Research and Development (R & D) and technological development for security. (e) Requirement of investment for Defence and role of Corporate Industry, Public – Private Partnership and foreign investment (f) India's Space Programme andAchievements 13. India's Nuclear policy and options: (a) India's need for Nuclear Power (b) India's Nuclear break throughs and achievements ( c ) India's Nuclear Doctrine (d) India's Missile Programme 14. Indian Ocean and India's Security considerations: (a) Strategic Environment in and around the Indian Ocean Region (b) India's Security problems in relation to the Indian Ocean Region ( c ) India's Maritime Security and its need for naval power projections. (d) India's Coastal Management and Recommendations 15. Internal Security of India: (a) Low Intensity Conflicts in India with special reference to Jammu and Kashmir and North East Region (b) Identification of the problems of Internal Security and conditions for the use of Military: Pros and cons. (c) Importance of information Security in Internal Security. (d) Intelligence and its relevance for National Security, use of ICT and recommendations. 16. India's over-all security perspectives and defence preparedness 17. Imperatives of India's National Security Strategy