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ANIMAL HUSBANDARY AND VETERINARY SCIENCE 

PAPER-I 

SECTION-A 

A. Animal Nutrition: 

  1. Digestion of feed in ruminants and non ruminants Nutrient requirements for milk production. 
  2. Nutrient and their functions in Animal body. 
  3. Classification of feed stuffs, feeding standards, Principles of rationing and computation of balance ration, Conservation of fooder as silage and hay, treatment of poor quality roughages, Role of enzymes in digestion, minerals in feeds, sources, deficiency symptom, function, Vitamins: sources, function and deficiency syndrome.
  4.  Role of Harmones in production and reproduction, Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids, Feed supplements and feed additive- function and deficiency syndrome. 
  5. Use of Probiotics and Prebiotics in dairy animals and poultry nutritions; 
  6. Digestion trials, feeding of animals under stress conditions, feeding of calves, heifers, Bulf and cows/buffaloes before and after parturition. 
  7. Interrelationship of vitamins with mineral, Evaluation of energy and proteinproximate analysis of feeds.
  8.  Requirement and formulation of feeds for layers and broilers. 

B. Animal Physiology and Environmental Physiology: 

  1. Adoption, Mechanism of acclemetization, growth, measures of growth, methods of controlling, stress due to temperature during winter and summer. 
  2. Animal digestions and absorption of carbohydrates, protein and fats in ruminents and nonruminents. 
  3. Male and female reproductive organ and function, physiology of milk secretion, ejection, holdup of milk. 
  4. Spermatogenisms and oogenesis, collection of semen. 
  5. Evalutation, dilution and preservative. Deep frozen semen, semen dilutors. 
  6. A.I. methods, hormonal control of memory glance, effect of heat stress on production, reproduction, meat quality, Parturition, distokia, retention of placenta.


SECTION-B 

A. LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT:

  1.  Comparison of Dairy Farming in India with developed countries. 
  2. Dairying, commercial Dairy farming, under mixed and specialized system, starting an organization of dairy farming, procurement of goods in dairy farming. 
  3. Factors determing the efficiency of dairy animals, herd recording, budgeting, Pricing policy, Personnel Management. 
  4. Houseing of dairy animal and poultry, Management of livestock- dairy calves, heifers, milks, stud, bulf, Maintenance of records. 
  5. Milking system- method and principles, clean milk production, economics of dairy and poultry farming. 
  6. General problems of cattle, sheep, goat, pigs and poultry management. 
  7. Gokul Mission, N.D.P. Package of common management practices for dairy, cost of milk production and posture management. 

B. Milk and Milk products Technology: 

  1. procurement and transportation of milk. 
  2. Reception and Quality testing of milk, Definition, composition and food value of milk. 
  3. Physico-Chemical properties of milk. 
  4. Chilling, filteration, clarification, separation and standardization of milk. 
  5. Homogenization, pasteurization and sterilization of milk. 
  6. Packaging and distribution of milk. 
  7. Defects in milk, their causes and prevention, Toned milk, standardized milk, Toned milk, double toned milk, reconstituted milk, recombined milk, flavoured milk and filled milk. Cleaning and sanitization of dairy equipments. 
  8. Culture and its propogation. 
  9. Preparation, packaging, yield and composition of Khoa, Chhena, Paneer, Dahi, Lassi, Srikhand and Kulfi. 
  10. Manufacturing and grading of Ghee. 
  11. Production and quality testing of Icecream, Butter, Cheese, Condensed, Evaporated and Dry Milk. 
  12. BIS and FSSAI, Standards of Milk and Milk Products. Utilization of Dairy by-productswhey, buttermilk, skim milk


PAPER-II 

SECTION-A 

a. General Genetics and Animal Breeding: 

  1. Role of livestock in National Economy, relationship of plant with Animal. 
  2. Livestock and milk production statistics, heredity and variation, Mendal's Law of inheritance, sex linked, sex influenced and sex limited heredity. Mutation. 
  3. Cytoplasmic inheritance, conservation of germ plasm, breeds of cattle, buffaloes, goats, sheep, pig and poultry. 
  4. Coefficient of relationship, Inbreeding Coefficient, methods of selection, selection index. Method and system of breeding, collection, evaluation, dilution and preservation of semen. Methods of A.I. Gene and Genolipic frequency. 
  5. Hardy weinberg law; population versus individual gene and Genotipic frequency, Qualitative and quantitative traits. 

b. ANIMAL HEALTH AND HYGIENE: 

  1. Anatomy of ox and fowl, Histological techniques, freezing, paraffining embedding of tissues, storing and preparation of blood film, Histological stain ed embryology of cow. 
  2. Physiology of blood and its; circulation, digestion, respiration, excretion: endocrine gland in health and diseases. 
  3. General Veterinary hygiene with respect of water, air and habitate. 

SECTION-B 

c. ANIMAL DISEASES: 

  1. Immunity and vaccination, Principles and methods of Immunization, classification of diseases, diseases of cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat. 
  2. Etiology, symptoms and diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of various disease, like Anthrax, H.S., B.Q., Mastits. T.B., Johnes disease, food and mouth disease, Rinder pest, cow pox, Faciolopsis, Actinobacilosis, Actinomycosis, Trypanosomiasis, Pyroplasmosis, Trichomoniasis, Anaplasmosis, Milk fever. 
  3. Tympanitis, Naval ill, Diseases of poultry- Etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment prevention and control of various disease, Ranikhet, Fowlpox, Fowltyphyd Pullorum disease, Coxidiosis, Aviam Leusocis complex. 
  4. Disease of Swine: Swine fever Hogeholera, Manz. 

d. VETERINARY PUBLIC HEALTH: 

  1. Zoonosis, Classification definition, role of animals and birds in transmission of zoonotic disease, 
  2. Veterinary Jurisprudence – Rules and regulations for improvement of animals and animals product and prevention of animal diseases, Materials and methods for collection of samples for veterolegal, investigation. 
  3. Duties and role of veterinarian in slaughter houses to provide meat under hygienic condition. 
  4. By-products of Slaughter Houses and their economic utilization. 

e. EXTENSION: 

  1. Basic philosophy, objectives, concept and principles of extension, methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions, 
  2. Transfer of technology and its feed back Problems and constraints in transfer of technology in animal husbandry programmes for rural development.
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