• Register
Log In
First time here? Checkout the FAQ!
0 votes



Atomic Structure: 

  1. de Broglie equation, 
  2. Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, 
  3. quantum mechanical operators and the Schrodinger wave equation, 
  4. physical significance of wave function and its characteristics (normalized orthogonal), 
  5. radial distribution and shapes of s.p. & d orbitals, 
  6. particle in one-dimensional box, 
  7. quantization of electronic energies (qualitative treatment of hydrogen atom), 
  8. Pauli's Exclusion principle. 
  9. Hund's rule of maximum multiplicity. 
  10. Aufbau principle, 
  11. electronic configuration of atoms, 
  12. Long form of periodic table including translawrencium elements. 

Periodicity in properties of the elements such as

  1.  atomic and ionic ionization potential, 
  2. electron affinity, 
  3. eletronegativity and 
  4. hydration energy. 

Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry: 

  1. nuclear forces, 
  2. nuclear stability, 
  3. N/P ratio, 
  4. nuclear binding energy, 
  5. Artificial transmutation of elements and nuclear reactions, 
  6. nuclear fission & fusion, 
  7. Kinetics of radioactive decay, 
  8. radioactive isotopes and their applications. 
  9. Radio carbon dating. 
  10. Elementary ideas of radiation chemistry. 

Chemical Bonding: 

  1. Valence bond theory (Heitler-London and Pauling- Slater theories), 
  2. hybridization, 
  3. VSEPR theory and molecular orbital energy level diagrams for homo and hetero nuclear diatomic molecules, 
  4. bond order, bond length and bond strength, 
  5. sigma and pi bonds, 
  6. hydrogen bond, 
  7. characteristics of ionic compounds, 
  8. Lattice energy, 
  9. born-haber cycle, 
  10. Characteristics of covalent bond. 

Chemistry of s- and p-Block Elements: 

  1. General properties of s-and p- Block elements, 
  2. chemical reactivity of elements and group trends. 
  3. Chemical behaviour with respect of their hydrides, halides and oxides. 

Chemistry of Transition Elements: 

  1. General Characteristics, 
  2. variable oxidation states, 
  3. complex formation, 
  4. colour, magnetic and catalytic properties, 
  5. Comparative study of 4d and 5d transition elements with 3d analogues with respect to their ionic radii, 
  6. oxidation states and magnetic properties. 

Chemistry of Lanthanides andActinides: 

  1. Lanthanides contraction, 
  2. oxidation states,
  3. Principles of separation of lanthanides and actinides. 
  4. Magnetic and spectral properties of their compounds. 

Coordination Chemistry: 

  1. Werner's Theory of coordination compounds. 
  2. IUPAC system of nomenclature, 
  3. effective atomic number (EAN), 
  4. Isomerism in coordination compounds. 
  5. Valence bond theory and its limitations. 
  6. Crystal field theory. 
  7. Crystal field splitting of dorbitals in octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar complexes. 
  8. Δ Value and factors affecting its magnitude, 
  9. calculation of Crystal field stabilization energies (CFSE) for d1 to d9 weak and strong field. 
  10. Octahedral complexes, 
  11. spectrochemical series electronic spectra of d transition metal complexes, 
  12. types of electronic transitions, selection rules for electronic transitions. 

Bio-Inorganic Chemistry: 

  1. Essential and trace elements in biological processes, 
  2. Metalloporphyrins with special reference to haemoglobin and myoglobin, 
  3. Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions with special reference to calcium ion. 

Preparation, Properties and Uses of the following Inorganic Compounds: 

  1. Heavy Water, 
  2. Boric acid, 
  3. diborance, 
  4. hydrazine, 
  5. hydroxylamine, 
  6. potassium dichromate, 
  7. potassium permanganate, 
  8. Ce (IV) sulphate and titanium (III) sulphate. 


  1. Molecular weight of polymers by sedimentation, 
  2. light scattering viscosity and osmotic pressure methods, 
  3. Number average and weight average molecular weights, 
  4. elasticity and crystallinity of polymers, 
  5. Borazines: Silicons and phosphonitrillic halide polymers. 

Chemical Thermodynamics: 

  1. Thermodynamic functions, 
  2. first and second Laws of thermodynamics, 
  3. heats of formation neutralization and combustion, 
  4. Hess's Law of heat summation, 
  5. variation of entropy with change of temperature, 
  6. pressure and volume, 
  7. GibbsHelmholtz equation, 
  8. criteria of equlibirium and spontaneity, 
  9. application of thermodynamics to various physico- chemical processes, 
  10. concept of chemical potential Gibbs-Duhem equation. 
  11. Classius-Clapeyron equation. 
  12. Thermodynamic treatment of colligative properties of dilute solutions. 

Chemical Kinetics: 

  1. Order and molecularity of reaction, 
  2. Rate constant and specific rate constant, 
  3. zero-order, first order and second order reactions, 
  4. half life period. 
  5. Methods for determining the order of a reaction, 
  6. temperature coefficient,
  7. Arrhenius equation, 
  8. Energy of activation, 
  9. Collision theory of reaction rate. 
  10. Steady state approximations. 
  11. Transition state theory of reaction rates, 
  12. kinetics of side, reversible and consecutive reactions. 

Phase Equilibria: 

  1. Phase, 
  2. Components, 
  3. degrees of freedom, 
  4. phase diagram of one component (water and sulphur) and two component (Pb-Ag) systems, 
  5. Nernst's distribution law,
  6. Applications of distribution law: Electrochemistry: 
  7. Theory of strong electrolytes, 
  8. Debye-Huckel theory of activity 
  9. coefficient laws of electrolytic conduction, 
  10. transport number and its determination by Hittorf's method and moving boundary method. 
  11. Electrodes and Electrode potential, 
  12. Hydrogen electrode, 
  13. Calomel electrode. 
  14. E-M-F of galvanic cells, 
  15. concentration cells with and without transference, 
  16. liquid junction potential and fuel cell. 

Solid State Chemistry: 

  1. Elements of symmetry in crystals, 
  2. space lattice and unit cell. 
  3. The close packing of sphares, 
  4. hexagonal close packing, 
  5. cubic close packing and body centered cubic packing, 
  6. co-ordination number and redus ratio effect. 
  7. Bragg's law of X-ray diffraction, 
  8. powder pattern method of crystalline structure of NaCl, KCl and ZnS. 

Surface Chemistry: 

  1. Coagulation, 
  2. Hardy--Schulze Rule, 
  3. Stability of colloids and origin of charge on colloids, 
  4. Electrokinetic potential, 
  5. adsorption, 
  6. Various types of adsorption isotherms, 
  7. catalysis, 
  8. enzyme catalysis (Michelis-Menten equation). 


  1. Raman Spectra: 
  2. Raman effect, 
  3. stokes and antistokes lines and their intensity difference. 
  4. Rule of mutual exclusion. 
  5. Electronic Spectra, 
  6. Electronic transitions, 
  7. Frank condom Principle, 
  8. Phosphorescene and fluorescence. 


  1. Equilbrium in physical and chemical process, 
  2. dynamic nature of equilibrium, 
  3. law of chemical equilibrium, 
  4. equilibrium constant, 
  5. factors affecting equilibrium, 
  6. Lechatelier's principle, 
  7. strong and weak electrolytes, 
  8. common ion effect, 
  9. ionization of polybasic acids, 
  10. acid strength, 
  11. concept of pH and hydrolysis of salts, 
  12. buffer solutions, 
  13. Henderson's equation, 
  14. solubility and solubility product of sparingly soluble salts.


1. General Organic Chemistry Hyperconjugation, Delocalisation and their applications, Electrophiles, Nucleophiles, Hydrogen Bonding, andAromaticity and Antiaromaticity.

2. Reaction Mechanism: 

(i) General methods of study of mechanism of organic reactions: Kinetic Isotope effect, Crossover Experiment, Intermediate trapping, and Thermodynamic vs Kinetic control of reactions. 

(ii) Reactive Intermediates: Generation, geometry, nature, (electrophilic or nucleophilic character), reactions and stability of carbocations, carbanions, free radicals, carbenes and benzynes. 

(iii)Addition Reactions: Electrophilic addition to carbon- Carbon double bond with bromine and carbenes, hydroboration-Oxidation, oxymercuration- demercuration, addition of peracids (formation of oxiranes) and iodolactonisation. 1,2 and 1,4 addition of conjugated diene with bromine, free radical addition of HBr. Nucleophilic addition to carbonyl group with carbon, oxygen, sulphur and nitrogen nucleophiles. 

(iv) Elimination Reactions: E1, E2 and E1 cb reaction mechanism, orientation in E2 reaction (Saytzeff and Hofmann), Cope elimination. 

(v) Substitution Reactions: (a) SN1, SN2 mechanism (b) Electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions: orientation and reactivity in monosubstituted benzenes. 

3. Reactions and Rearrangements: 

(i) Reactions: Aldol condensation, Claisen condensation, Knoevenagel reaction, Witting reaction, Michael addition, Mannich reaction, Perkin reaction, Riemer- tiemann reaction,   Cannizzaro reaction and Benzoin condensation. 

(ii) Rearrangements: Pinacol-Pinacolone, Hoffman, Beckmann, Curtius rearrangements and Rearrangement given by carbocations. 

4. Stereochemistry: Optical activity due to chiral centre, R-S nomenclature of compounds having chiral centre (one or two chiral centres). Properties of enantiomers and diastereomers, Separation of racemic mixture using chemical method. Geometrical isomerism: E-Z nomenclature, Conformation of open-chain compounds (n-butane, 2-fluoroethanol, 1,2-ethanediol, 1,2- difluoroethane) Cyclohexane and monosubstituted and disubstituted cyclohexanes. 

5. Spectroscopy 

(i) UV Spectroscopy: Types of electronic transitions, chromophore, auxochrome, bathochromic and hypsochromic shift, Woodward-Fieser rule for the calculation of max ʎ conjugated polyenes and carbonyl compounds. 

(ii)Infra-red Specroscopy: Factors affecting vibrational frequencies. 

(iii) 1HNMR Spectroscopy: Basic principles, chemical shift, spin-spin interaction andcoupling constant. Problems based on UV, IR and 1HNMR Spectroscopy of simple organic compounds. 

6. Organic Polymers: Mechanism of polymerization, Polymers of industrial importance (Polyamides, Polyesters, Orlon, PVC, Teflon, SBR, NBR). 

7. Carbohydrates Chemistry of Monosaccharides (Glucose and Fructose), Ring structure of glucose and fructose, Mutarotation, Epimerisation, Amadori rearrangement, Disaccharides (Maltose and Sucrose). 

8. Pericyclic Reactions Classification and examples, Woodward-Hoffmann Rule, Electrocyclic Reactions and Cycloaddition reactions ([2+2] and [4+2] cycloaddition reaction) 

9. Heterocyclic Compounds : Preparations,Aromaticity and Reactions of Pyrrole, Furan and Thiophene. 

10. Environmental Chemistry Air pollutants and their toxic effects, Depletion of Ozone layer, Oxides of nitrogen, Fluorocarbons and their effect on ozone layer, Greenhouse effect,Acid rain.

asked in Upper PCS
edited by
Buy Finasteride Citrate Liquid Atlantic Drug Store Viagra Cephalexin Dosge For Cats  <a href=http://cidovir.com>cialis tablets for sale</a> Lexapro Online Without A Prescription Cialis Pas Cher Livraison Rapide What Is Generic Priligy
Keflex Kefzol Class Of Antibiotics  <a href=http://leviprix.com>levitra online no prescription</a> Propecia 0 5 Mg Propecia Bewertung Normal Dosage Amoxicillin
Viagra Soft Tablets Cialis Tadalafil 20mg  <a href=http://costofvia.com>viagra</a> Levitra Cerco Cialis Corazon Amoxicillin And Sinusitis
Cephalexin Tooth Is Keflex Sulfur Drug Prednisone For Dogs For Sale  <a href=http://cialtadalaff.com>cialis</a> Best Online Pharmacy For Generic Viagra Acheter Priligy Uk
Levitra Pastiglie Viagra 100mg 12 Preis  <a href=http://dan5325.com>viagra online pharmacy</a> 100 Mg Lasix From Canada

Your answer

keep your answer short
Your name to display (optional):
Privacy: Your email address will only be used for sending these notifications.

Related questions

0 votes
0 answers 44 views
PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION: PAPER-I-Administrative Theory I. Basic concept: Meaning, Scope and significance of Public Administation; Evalution of Pubic Administration as discipline New Public Admn., New Public Management and New Public Services, Public and Private ... People's Participation in Administration, Redressal of Citizen's Grievances; Lok Pal and LokAyuktas; Administration Reforms in India
asked Dec 19, 2018 in Upper PCS thirstyscholar 7.6k points 7 28 55
0 votes
0 answers 16 views
SOCIAL WORK PAPER-I Foundations of Social Work : Concepts, Historical Development, Philosophy and Methods. Part-I Social Work: Concepts, Definitions and allied concepts - Social Service, Social Welfare, Social Security and Social Reform: Objectives, Assumptions; ... Development, Medical and Psychiatric Social Work, Industrial Social Work, Correctional Social Work, School Social Work, Urban Slums.
asked Dec 10, 2018 in Upper PCS thirstyscholar 7.6k points 7 28 55
0 votes
0 answers 127 views
HISTORY: PAPER-I (SECTION-A) Sources and approaches to study of early Indian History. Early pastoral and agricultural communities. The Archaeological evidence. (Neolithic and Chalcaolithic Cluture) The Indus civilization: its origin, nature and decline. ... : LatinAmerica,Africa,Asia. 23. Soviet Disintegration and the Unipolar World- Causes, Consequences and other developments; Globalization.
asked Dec 10, 2018 in Upper PCS thirstyscholar 7.6k points 7 28 55
0 votes
0 answers 42 views
POLITICAL SCIENCE AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS PAPER-I SECTION-A Political Theory- Definition, Nature and Scope of Political Science, Approches to the study of Political Science- Traditional, Behavioural, Systems and Marxist State- Definition, Theories of origin and theories ... in International Relations 6- North- South dialogue, South- South Cooperation. 7- Indian Ocean- Problems and prospects.
asked Dec 10, 2018 in Upper PCS thirstyscholar 7.6k points 7 28 55
0 votes
0 answers 53 views
17. MANAGEMENT PAPER-I The candidates are expected to be acquainted with various aspects of Management. They should be able to apply theory to practice in the context of world business, in general and business function in India, in particular. For this, they ... -Off, Lock-out and Reconciliation; HR Audit; Flexible Working Condition; Work from Home; Valuntary Retirement Scheme (VRS); Outsourcing.
asked Dec 10, 2018 in Upper PCS thirstyscholar 7.6k points 7 28 55